In this article we are going to discuss the detailed procedure on how to recover data from any Windows 10 system without booting into the OS. This process will come handy in case of recovering data from your computer during a serious case where you can’t boot into Windows 10. Simply by following these easy steps you will be able to transfer your important data to a removable media device and use it elsewhere.
Before you proceed further you will need a few things-
1. You will need a bootable installation media (or the Windows 10 DVD from which you had installed the Windows 10 on your computer). If you don’t have one, you have to create a bootable installation media from another computer.
2. You will also need a removable media (external HDD/ SSD is preferred depending upon the size of the files on your computer).
When you have both of these, proceed further-
Recover data from your computer to removable media device-
In case you can’t boot into Windows 10 and you have left something important in your Windows 10 device, follow these steps-
Step-1 Change Boot priority-
Changing boot priority to the right order will boot your computer from the flash drive/ CD-ROM drive.
1. Start the computer.
2 Plug in the installation media you have created (or the Windows 10 installation DVD/ flash drive).
3. When the computer is booting up, press “F12“* key to open boot settings on your computer.
* NOTE– The actual key to open the boot settings on your computer can differ. Please check it for your system.
4. When BIOS settings will open on your computer, go to “BIOS“.
You may also notice different set of options in boot priority instead of name of the boot drive.
Simply put the “Removable Devices” at the top as it will be of the highest priority. In some PC, the name may differ from BIOS to BIOS. Just make sure to put USB at top.
Once you have done it, save and exit BIOS settings to boot your computer from the Windows 10 installation drive.
Now, as your computer boots from the Windows 10 installation media, follow the next steps-
1. As your computer boots in, you will notice Windows 10 installation appearance. Click on “Next” to proceed further.
2. Now, click on “Repair your computer” on the bottom left corner of the Recovery Environment.
3. In Troubleshooting window, click on “Advanced options“.
4. In the Advanced options window, click on the “Command Prompt“.
Finally, follow these steps to transfer your data to the removable media devices.
1. Now, connect the removable media device to your computer.
2. Now, again type this command in Command Prompt window and press Enter key from keyboard to open Notepad window.
3. In Notepad window, click on “File” on the menu-bar, and then click on “Open…” to access the hard drive.
4. In Open window, on the left hand side, click on “This PC“.
5. On the left hand side, you will be able to see all the drives.
Navigate to the location where the important files/ folder are on your drive.
6. Now, simply right click on the important folder and then click on “Copy” to copy the folder.
7. Now, click on “This PC” on the address bar to visualize all the drives again.
8. Now, double click on the removable media device to access it (In this case it is “USB Drive (F:)“).
9. In USB drive location, right click on an empty space and then click on “Paste” to paste the files/ folders.
You may need wait for a while as the file transfer will take some time depending upon the file size, USB type etc.
10. Once done, close Notepad window and Command Prompt window simultaneously.
11. In Choose an option window, click on “Turn off your PC” to turn off your computer.
That’s it! This way you can easily recover any backup file from your system without even booting in to the system.
Sambit is a Mechanical Engineer By qualification who loves to write about Windows 10 and solutions to weirdest possible problems.