Fix: Incorrect permissions on Windows Search directories issue

Windows Search works quite well in Windows machines, but just like in other sections of Windows, it is not completely error-free. If you are running the Search troubleshooter in Windows, you may see this error message –
Incorrect permissions on Windows Search directories” on the diagnostics panel. As you can presume this error is associated with the improper permission of the Windows Search directories. Altering the permission settings should solve this problem.


Fix 1 – Own the Data folder

You have to take ownership of the Data folder in the Windows Search directory.

Step 1 –

1. At first, press the Windows key+R keys together.

2. Then, type this address in the terminal and hit Enter.



Search Folder Min


3. When the Search folder opens up, right-click on the “Data” folder and tap on “Properties“.


Data Props Min


4. When the Properties opens up, go to the “Security” settings.

5. After that, tap on “Advanced” to proceed further.


Security Advanced Min


6. In the next window, click on “Change” in the ‘Owner‘ option.


Change Min


7. Now, tap on the “Advanced“.


Advanced Windows 11 Min


8. At the next step, tap on the “Find Now” to view the full list of user groups.

9. Now, scroll down and select your account name from the list.

10. After that, click on “OK” to select it.

Sambit Find Now Min


11. To save this setting, tap on “OK“.


Ok Min


Now, your account has taken ownership of this folder.

12. Now, tick mark the “Replace owner on subcontainers and objects” option.

13. Finally, tap on “Apply” and “OK” to save these changes.


Replace Owner Apply Ok Min



Step 2 –

1. Coming back to the Properties window, again, tap on the “Advanced” option.


Security Advanced Min


2. In the Permissions tab, tap on “Add“.


Add MinReplace All Child Objec Finall Min


3. Now, tap on “Select a principal“.


Select A Principal Min


3. Then, click on the “Advanced”¬†option.


Advanced Windows 11 Min


4. Again, use the “Find now” option to view the list of users groups.

5. Next, choose the account name that you have chosen before (In our case, it is “Sambit Koley“.)

6. After that, click on “OK” to select it.

Sambit Find Now Min


7. Finally, click on “OK” to proceed further.


Ok Min


8. Next, check the “Full Control‘.

9. Finally, click on “Apply” and “OK”¬†to save the settings.


Full Control Min


10. Now, it is time to tap on the “Enable inheritance” button.

11. Then, check the “Replace all child object permission entries with inheritable permission entries from this object” option.

12. Finally, tap on “OK” to save this setting.


Replace All Child Objec Finall Min


Now, close all the windows and restart your system.

Once you restart it, Windows will rebuild the search index. You won’t face this problem again.

Fix 2 – Disable and Enable Windows search

1 -Search cmd in Windows taskbar search.

2 – Do a right click on the command prompt icon and then select run as administrator

Cmd Admin Min

3 – Now, Run the commands given below One By One and the execute them by pressing enter key each time

dism /Online /Disable-Feature /FeatureName:"SearchEngine-Client-Package"
dism /Online /Enable-Feature /FeatureName:"SearchEngine-Client-Package"

4 -Now, close the cmd window , once both commands get executed fully

Fix 3 – Run an SFC, DISM scan

Running an SFC, DISM scan has solved this issue for many users.

1. At first, press the Windows key and type “cmd“.

2. Then, right-click on the “Command Prompt” and then tap on “Run as administrator“.


Cmd Search New Min


3. Now, just type this code in the terminal and hit Enter to initiate an SFC scan.

sfc /scannow


Sfc Scan Now Min


Let Windows scan for any system file corruption and fix it in the process.

4. Once the SFC scan is complete, paste this command and hit Enter to run a DISM scan.

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth


Dism Min


Let this DISM scan complete. Then, reboot your system. See if the ‘Incorrect permissions on Windows Search directories’ is still appearing or not.


Fix 3 – Reset Cortana

Resetting Cortana may offer a useful solution.

1. At first, press the Windows key+S keys together and type “powershell“.

2. Then, right-click on the “Windows PowerShell” and tap on the “Run as administrator“.


Powershell Run As Admin Min


3. When PowerShell opens up with administrative rights, copy-paste this command and hit Enter.

Get-AppXPackage -Name Microsoft.Windows.Cortana | 
Foreach {Add-AppxPackage -DisableDevelopmentMode -Register 


Powershell Code Min


After passing this resetting this command, close the PowerShell window. Then, reboot your system.

After the system startup, run the Search and Indexing troubleshooter and check whether you are still seeing the same error message.


Fix 4 – Create and use a new account

You have to create a new user account and use it to fix the issue.

1. At first, press the Windows key+R keys together.

2. Then, type this code and click on “OK“.



Ms Settings Other Users Min


3. When the Settings window appears, on the right-hand side, tap on “Add account” in the ‘Other users’ section.

Add Account


4. After that, tap on the “I don’t have this person’s sign-in information“.


I Don't Have Min


5. Now, click on the “Add a user without a Microsoft account“.


Add A User Min


6. Then, write down a username you want to use.

7. After that, fill up the password and security questions as you prefer.

8. Finally, tap on “Next” to proceed further.


Name Next Min


9. After doing this, press the Ctrl+Alt+Delete all three keys together.

10. Then, tap on “Sign out“.


Sign Out Min


11. You will be back at the lock screen.

12. Now, on the bottom-left corner, choose the new account.

13. Put the account password and hit Enter.


Enter Pass Min


Once you have logged into your system using the new account, run the Search and Indexing troubleshooter once more.

This time, your issue will be solved.


Fix 5 – Automate Windows Search service

You have to check whether the Windows Search service is running or not.

1. At first, press the Windows key+R keys together.

2. Then, write this line and hit Enter.



Services New Min


This will open up the Services.

3. When the Services window appears, look for the “Windows Search” service.

4. Then, just double-click on it to access it.


Search Services Dc Min


5. At first, set the ‘Startup type:’ to “Automatic“.

6. Later, tap on “Start” to start the service, if it isn’t running already.


Search Automatic Start Min


7. Finally, tap on “Apply” and “OK” to save the changes.


Apply Ok Min


Then, close the Services. Now, try to run the troubleshooter again. It will solve all the search-related problems.